20201124黄春跃

20201124黄春跃

知识点

使用 spring 的 IoC 的实现账户的CRUD

需求

实现账户的 CRUD 操作

技术要求

使用 spring 的 IoC 实现对象的管理
使用 DBUtils 作为持久层解决方案
使用 c3p0 数据源

环境搭建

导入 jar 包

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>mysql</groupId>
      <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
      <version>5.1.47</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
      <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
      <version>0.9.2.1</version>
    </dependency>



    <!-- 数据库工具类 -->
    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/commons-dbutils/commons-dbutils -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-dbutils</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-dbutils</artifactId>
      <version>1.6</version>
    </dependency>


    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
      <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
      <version>1.18.10</version>
    </dependency>

创建数据库和编写实体类

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `tb_account`;
CREATE TABLE `tb_account` (
`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`name` varchar(40) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL
DEFAULT NULL,
`money` float(255, 0) NULL DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT = 1 CHARACTER SET = utf8 COLLATE =
utf8_general_ci ROW_FORMAT = Dynamic;
insert into tb_account(name,money) values('aaa',1000);
insert into tb_account(name,money) values('bbb',1000);
insert into tb_account(name,money) values('ccc',1000);
@Data
public class Account implements Serializable {
 
  private Integer id;
  private String name;
  private Float money;
}

编写持久层代码

public interface IAccountDao {
    /**
     * 保存
     * @param account
     */
    void save(Account account);
    /**
     * 更新
     * @param account
     */
    void update(Account account);
    /**
     * 删除
     * @param accountId
     */
    void delete(Integer accountId);
    /**
     * 根据 id 查询
     * @param accountId
     * @return
     */
    Account findById(Integer accountId);
    /**
     * 查询所有
     * @return
     */
    List<Account> findAll();
}
public class AccountDaoImpl implements IAccountDao {
    private QueryRunner runner;
    public void setRunner(QueryRunner runner){
        this.runner = runner;
    }
    @Override
    public void save(Account account) {
        try {
            runner.update("insert into tb_account(name,money)values(?,?)",account.getName(),account.getMoney());
        } catch (SQLException throwables) {
            throwables.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void update(Account account) {
        try {
            runner.update("update tb_account set name=?,money=? where id=?",account.getName(),account.getMoney(),account.getId());
        } catch (SQLException throwables) {
            throwables.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void delete(Integer accountId) {
        try {
            runner.update("delete from tb_account where id=?",accountId);
        } catch (SQLException throwables) {
            throwables.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public Account findById(Integer accountId) {
        try {
            return runner.query("select * from tb_account where id=?",new BeanHandler<Account>(Account.class),accountId);
        } catch (SQLException throwables) {
            throwables.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Account> findAll() {
        try {
            return runner.query("select * from tb_account",new BeanListHandler<Account>(Account.class));
        } catch (SQLException throwables) {
            throwables.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
}

编写业务层代码

public interface IAccountService {
    /**
     * 保存账户
     * @param account
     */
    void saveAccount(Account account);
    /**
     * 更新账户
     * @param account
     */
    void updateAccount(Account account);
    /**
     * 删除账户
     * @param accountId
     */
    void deleteAccount(Integer accountId);
    /**
     * 根据 id 查询账户
     * @param accountId
     * @return
     */
    Account findAccountById(Integer accountId);
    /**
     * 查询所有账户
     * @return
     */
    List<Account> findAllAccount();
}
public class AccountServiceImpl implements IAccountService {
    private IAccountDao accountDao;
    public void setAccountDao(IAccountDao accountDao) {
        this.accountDao = accountDao;
        }
    @Override
    public void saveAccount(Account account) {
        accountDao.save(account);
    }

    @Override
    public void updateAccount(Account account) {
        accountDao.update(account);
    }

    @Override
    public void deleteAccount(Integer accountId) {
        accountDao.delete(accountId);
    }

    @Override
    public Account findAccountById(Integer accountId) {
        return accountDao.findById(accountId);
    }

    @Override
    public List<Account> findAllAccount() {
        return accountDao.findAll();
    }
}

创建并编写配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <bean id="service" class="com.itlaobing.spring.service.Impl.AccountServiceImpl">
        <property name="accountDao" ref="dao" />
    </bean>

    <bean id="dao" class="com.itlaobing.spring.dao.Impl.AccountDaoImpl">
        <property name="runner" ref="queryRunner" />
    </bean>

    <bean id="queryRunner" class="org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner">
        <constructor-arg name="ds" ref="datasource"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="datasource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis" />
        <property name="user" value="root" />
        <property name="password" value="" />
    </bean>


</beans>

测试

public class IAccountServiceTest {
    private ApplicationContext context;

    private IAccountService service;

    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("Spring.xml");
        service = context.getBean(IAccountService.class);
    }


    @Test
    public void saveAccount() {
        Account account = new Account();
        account.setName("abc");
        account.setMoney(1000.1f);
        service.saveAccount(account);
    }

    @Test
    public void updateAccount() {
        Account account = service.findAccountById(1);
        account.setMoney(9999999f);
        account.setName("黄百万");
        service.updateAccount(account);
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteAccount() {
        service.deleteAccount(5);
    }

    @Test
    public void findAccountById() {
        Account account = service.findAccountById(1);
        System.out.println(account);
    }

    @Test
    public void findAllAccount() {
        List<Account> list = service.findAllAccount();
        for(Account account : list) {
            System.out.println(account);
            }
    }
}

基于注解的 IOC 配置

学习基于注解的 IoC 配置,大家脑海里首先得有一个认知,即注解配置和 xml 配置要实现的功能都是一
样的,都是要降低程序间的耦合。只是配置的形式不一样。
关于实际的开发中到底使用xml还是注解,每家公司有着不同的使用习惯。所以这两种配置方式我们都
需要掌握。
我们在讲解注解配置时,采用上一章节的案例,把 spring 的 xml 配置内容改为使用注解逐步实现

添加 jar 包

在基于注解的配置中,我们还要多一个 aop 的 jar 包

使用@Component 注解配置管理的资源

创建 spring 的 xml 配置文件并开启对注解的支持

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    https://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
  <!-- 告知 spring 创建容器时要扫描的包 -->
  <context:component-scan base-package="com.itlaobing" />
  <!-- 配置 runner 此处我们只注入了数据源,scope="prototype"表明每条语句独立事务-
->
  <bean id="runner" class="org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner"
scope="prototype">
    <constructor-arg index="0" ref="dataSource"></constructor-arg>
  </bean>
  <!-- 配置数据源 -->
  <bean id="dataSource"
class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
    <property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver">
</property>
    <property name="jdbcUrl"
value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/userinfo"></property>
    <property name="user" value="root"></property>
    <property name="password" value="root"></property>
  </bean>
</beans>

注意:
基于注解整合时,导入约束时需要多导入一个 context 名称空间下的约束

context:component-scan: 告知spring在初始化容器时扫描包
base-package:要扫描的包名,多个包之间使用逗号隔开

测试:

@Test
  public void getBean(){
    ApplicationContext ctx = new
ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans.xml");
    IAccountService as = ctx.getBean("accountService",
IAccountService.class);
    System.out.println(as);
 }

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