整合springboot

SpringBoot整合Spring Data JPA

Spring Data JPA的起步依赖

<!-- springBoot JPA的起步依赖 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>

添加数据库驱动依赖

<!-- MySQL连接驱动 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
</dependency>

在application.properties中配置数据库和jpa的相关属性

#DB Configuration:
spring.datasource.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=root

#JPA Configuration:
spring.jpa.database=MySQL
spring.jpa.show-sql=true
spring.jpa.generate-ddl=true
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=update
spring.jpa.hibernate.naming_strategy=org.hibernate.cfg.ImprovedNamingStrategy

创建实体配置实体

@Entity
public class User {
    // 主键
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;
    // 用户名
    private String username;
    // 密码
    private String password;
    // 姓名
    private String name;
 
    //此处省略setter和getter方法... ...
}

编写UserDao

public interface UserDao extends JpaRepository<User,Long>{
    public List<User> findAll();
}

编写测试类

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(classes=MySpringBootApplication.class)
public class JpaTest {

    @Autowired
    private UserDao dao;

    @Test
    public void test(){
        List<User> users = dao.findAll();
        System.out.println(users);
    }

}

注意:如果是jdk9,执行报错如下:

原因:jdk缺少相应的jar

解决方案:手动导入对应的maven坐标,如下:

<!--jdk9需要导入如下坐标-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>javax.xml.bind</groupId>
    <artifactId>jaxb-api</artifactId>
    <version>2.3.0</version>
</dependency>

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